Type-Approval Requirements for E-Bikes in Bike Europe White Paper Updated
BRUSSELS, Belgium – On 1 January 2017, the new type-approval, which includes most types of electric bicycles, enters into force. The only category excluded from type-approval and therefore classified as a bicycle, is the pedal assisted bicycle with assistance up to 25 km/h and maximum 250W. All other types, including so-called speed pedelecs or speed e-bikes, are in the type-approval.
Speed pedelecs or speed e-bikes, are in the type-approval either as category L1e-A, powered cycles with a maximum speed of 25 km/h and maximum 1 kW or as category L1e-B, moped with maximum speed of 45 km/h and maximum 4 kW.
Components and characteristics subject to type-approval
The type-approval does not only apply to the whole vehicle, but also to a wide range of its components and characteristics. All components and characteristics subject to type-approval are listed in the framework text of Regulation 168/2013. Originally, the type-approval was designed for conventional mopeds and motorcycles. As a result, a number of type-approval requirements were unsuitable for electric bicycles and other light electric vehicles. That is why the European Commission has allowed for adapted requirements were necessary.
White Paper on rules and regulations for e-bikes
In 2014, Bike Europe published a White Paper on rules and regulations for electric bicycles, which included a table of all components and characteristics subject to type-approval and the corresponding requirements. However this table was incomplete and not fully correct.
We have now updated the White paper with a completed and updated table. We are in the process of updating the complete White Paper and expect to publish this in the next few weeks.
Type-approval meeting at Eurobike
At Eurobike, Bike Europe and AVERE LEV-TF organize an information meeting which will provide you with full details on the new type-approval. More details on this meeting can be found here. Registation is required.