EU Regulations for E-bikes & Pedelecs (Part 2) Machinery Directive
BRUSSELS, Belgium – “Cycles with pedal assistance which are equipped with an auxiliary electric motor having a maximum continuous rated power of 0.25 kW, of which the output is progressively reduced and finally cut off as the vehicle reaches a speed of 25 km/h, or sooner, if the cyclist stops pedalling” are explicitly included in the scope of Directive 2006/42/EC on Machinery.
This Directive contains a list of essential health and safety requirements relating to the design and construction of machinery, i.e. pedelecs. Vehicles may only be placed on the market and/or put into service if they comply with these requirements.
Most of the requirements are covered by EN 15194. However, the European standardisation institute CEN must review EN 15194 to ensure that all obligations resulting from the Directive are covered by the standard. That process is on-going. The next step is the publication of a reference to the standard in the Official Journal, which will turn EN 15194 into a harmonised standard under the Machinery Directive. That will mean that a pedelec that complies with EN 15194 will be presumed to comply with Directive 2006/42/EC.
Still, the Machinery Directive holds a few additional administrative obligations for the manufacturers. They have to have a complete technical file on the product available. Furthermore, they have to supply the pedelec with an EC Declaration of Conformity, the particulars of which are specified in Annex II of the Directive. The vehicle must have a CE conformity marking that consists of the initials “CE” as shown below. The CE marking shall be affixed to the pedelec visibly, legibly and indelibly in the immediate vicinity of the name of the manufacturer or his authorised representative. This marking however can only be affixed if the pedelec also conforms to Directive 2004/108/EC relating to electromagnetic compatibility and to the RoHS Directive.
Finally, next to the CE marking, the pedelec must be marked visibly, legibly and indelibly with the following minimum particulars:
- the business name and full address of the manufacturer and, where applicable, his authorised representative,
- designation of the pedelec
- designation of series or type,
- serial number, if any,
- the year of construction, that is the year in which the manufacturing process is completed.
It is prohibited to pre-date or post-date the pedelec when affixing the CE marking.