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EBMA Counters Comments on Unjust Use of Import Data in E-Bike Dumping Case   

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BRUSSELS, Belgium – The European Bicycle Manufacturers Association (EBMA) has presented clarifications on the basis of its dumping allegations towards Chinese e-bike makers and exporters. On questions by Bike Europe the association provided detailed data which differs significantly from Eurostat’s e-bike import figures. In particular, this ‘polluted’ Eurostat data is spurring lots of discussions on the legitimate basis of the EBMA dumping accusations.

EBMA Counters Comments on Unjust Use of Import Data in E-Bike Dumping Case   
Due to ‘polluted’ Eurostat data EBMA’s dumping case is based on China's customs data. – Photo FIC-logistics 

It’s currently a widely discussed matter across the industry resulting in comments on reports of the dumping case published at and of this trade journal’s sister magazine for the Benelux; These comments point to the misuse of the CN import code for e-bikes under which various other products are being imported into the EU. Hoverboards for instance.

These are named in such comments that also point to a much lower value per imported hoverboard providing the assumed reasoning for dumping allegations towards exporting companies from China.

What’s also said in the comments on the October 20 officially announced “anti-dumping proceeding concerning imports of electric bicycles originating in the People’s Republic of China” by the European Commission, is that lots or regular bicycles are imported into the EU as e-bikes. With that importers avoid the 48.5% dumping duty on regular bicycles while also benefitting from a lower import duty which for e-bikes stands at 6% instead of 14% for regular pedal bikes.

What appears now however is that the ‘polluted’ Eurostat import data has not been used by EBMA. Its dumping allegations are instead based on China’s export data.

Investigation team worked 3 years

That the Eurostat data on the import of e-bikes into the European Union was ‘polluted’ is underlined by the fact that per 1 January 2017 new CN Codes for e-bikes as well as for speed pedelecs have been installed.

In particular as the old code allowed for the import registration of a much wider range of electric vehicles; like the already named hoverboards.

Under the European Union’s CN codes all imports into the European Union are tracked while all import, dumping and circumvention duties are linked to these codes.

Eurostat’s ‘polluted’ data on the 2015 and 2016 e-bike (250W – 25km/h) import (as published by this trade journal) showed that in 2015 547,000 e-bikes were imported from China into the EU. In 2016 this import increased by 67% to a total of 912,000 e-bikes, according to Eurostat.

Because of the ‘polluted’ Eurostat data EBMA started an investigation om the e-bike import from China which learned that China’s customs data have a detailed and correct description of (pedal assisted) e-bikes. Next to that the EBMA investigation revealed the export data by China’s custom’s office to be “very precise”. EBMA’s Secretary General Moreno Fioravanti says on this “We examined very carefully all China customs data with all the descriptions of each export. Our investigating team in China did a very complicated and detailed work for the last 3 years.”

Import investigation results

What the EBMA investigation brought forward is that China’s e-bike export in 2015 totaled 312,000 units (according to Eurostat 547,000). For 2016 China’s export data reports 434,000 to Europe exported e-bikes (Eurostat says 912,000).
According to the China Customs’ data comparing the 2015 – 2016 export total results in an increase of e-bike export from China to the EU by 39%.

The EU and Eurostat is per 1 January 2017 tracking the e-bike import under the new CN Codes. That allowed EBMA to confirm the accuracy of Chinese export data. In particular as Secretary General Fioravanti says “The export data from the Chinese Customs and the Eurostat data finally match, thanks to the new code and the much more precise product descriptions.” Overall, the data reveals a strongly accelerating import of e-bikes from China.

In the first 7 months of 2017 already more e-bikes have  been imported than in the whole of 2016! The total stands at 491,000 units per 31 July, 2017. Calculating what this accelerating import would mean for the whole of 2017, EBMA reports an anticipated 842,000 units total. This points to a 94% import increase!

To underline the legitimate bases for his dumping accusations EBMA’s Moreno Fioravanti claims “The best proof of the validity of our data is that the European Commission finally adopted this investigation into the dumping of e-bikes on the European markets by China.”

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