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E-Bike Imports from China Still Booming Despite Dumping Proceedings

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BRUSSELS, Belgium – The imports from China of 25km/h – 250W e-bikes into the European Union increased by close to 85 percent in the first half of 2018, according to Eurostat data. Despite all measures initiated by the European Commission in connection with the anti-dumping proceedings, of which the first were announced on 20 October 2017, the e-bike imports from China are still booming.

E-Bike Imports from China Still Booming Despite Dumping Proceedings
Dumping allegations and all related measures since did not have a reducing effect on e-bike import from China. – Photo Susanne Brüsch

That this import continues to grow feverishly despite all the announced measures raises questions. The same goes for why the European Bicycle Manufacturers’ Association (EBMA) suddenly wants to drop the registration of e-bike imports from China. EBMA asked the European Commission for that in a letter dated 8 October. Earlier, on 31 January, 2018 EBMA requested for such registration which was initiated by the European Commission on May 4.

We can only speculate on what exactly is going on at this moment

No EBMA comments

Bike Europe asked EBMA for comments on their latest actions, but its Secretary General, Moreno Fioravanti, declined and did not say more than “We look forward to the European Commission hopefully adopting definitive measures on dumped-subsidized Chinese e-bikes by the 20th of January, 2019.”

Importers injuries

That EBMA asked the European Commission to stop the registration of e-bike imports from China was reported by the Collective of European Importers of Electric Bicycles. In its report the Importers Collective stipulated that “The EBMA request comes shortly after the third hearing the Collective had with the Commission.” In that hearing they argued that importers are faced with dire financial injury resulting from the proceeding which amounts to an average of € 605,000 per company and a total injury for around 150 importing companies amounting to more than € 90 million. “This amount does not include provisional duties or potential retroactive collection,” said the Importers Collective in its report.

Speculations

We can only speculate on what exactly is going on at this moment. Has the European Commission considered that there is evidence of significant damage caused to importers by all measures announced so far? Does all of this also mean that questions can be raised about the actual imposition of measures with high anti-dumping duties on 20 January 2019? So far, that remains the question. But what is clear and evidenced by Eurostat data is that the e-bike import from China still boomed in the first half of this year.

Import growth of about 70 percent

During the first six months of 2018 a total of 842,500 electric bicycles have been imported into the European Union’s 28 member states. Last year’s first half showed an import total for CN Coded 87116010 25km/h – 250W electric bicycles of 498,000 units. This results in a 69% growth.

No reducing effects

The biggest part of the 345,000 more e-bikes (compared to the first half of 2017) that arrived at the European ports from outside Europe, stemmed obviously from China as this country has over the years evolved into EU’s biggest supplier of electric bicycles and with that it got accused by the European industry of dumping its e-bikes onto the EU markets.

The dumping allegations and all the related measures since did not have a reducing effect on the e-bike import from China. On the contrary. The biggest part of the 345,000 more e-bikes that were imported during the first half of 2018 compared to 2017 came from China. The Peoples Republic accounted for 290,000 more e-bikes exported to the EU compared to its export total in the first half of 2017. It results in the fact that China accounted for 84% of the total growth in imports in the first half of 2018. It also resulted in the fact that China accounted for 73% of the total e-bike import in the first half of 2018.

Vietnam and Taiwan coming up strong

What Eurostat’s import figures also prove is that Vietnam and Taiwan are coming up strong as e-bike export nations. In particular Vietnam as from this country 101,000 e-bikes were imported in the first half of this year which is very close to the total for the whole of 2017 from the country which stood at 105,000 units.

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