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Eurostat Import Figures Confirm: China Effectively Banned from EU’s E-Bike Market

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Eurostat Import Figures Confirm: China Effectively Banned from EU’s E-Bike Market
With China now more or less banned from EU markets, production switched partly to Europe. – Photo Bike Europe

BRUSSELS, Belgium – Eurostat import figures for the first half of 2019 clearly point out the effectiveness of the by mid-January 2019 instigated anti-dumping measures on e-bikes imported from China. They prove that the People’s Republic is now more or less banned from the e-bike market of the EU. What rose to a total import of some 800,000 e-bikes in (whole year) 2018, is just a little left over during the first half of this year.

E-bike import from China into the EU’s 28 member states dropped by 91 percent in de first six months of 2019. According to the latest Eurostat import statistics that import totaled 54,643 units. In the same period of 2018, the import total stood al close to 612,000 e-bikes (see table at the bottom of this page).

The on 17 January 2019 imposed anti-dumping and anti-subsidy duties on e-bikes imported from China apply to all kinds of electric bicycles; from entry-level to high-end ones as well as for regular 250-Watt models and speed pedelecs. The European Commission instigated company specific dumping duties that vary from 73.4 percent for the Bodo Vehicle Group, 24.6 percent for Giant Electric Vehicle to 33.4 percent for the majority of Chinese e-bike exporters.

Effect on price

Next to the fact that China is no longer the number one supplier of e-bikes tailored to the European market, there’s more to be learned from these statistics. Like the effect on the average price per imported e-bike. That shows a huge increase; of even 63 percent. During the by China dominated e-bike import in the first half of 2018 that average price stood at 493 euro. In the first half of 2019 it rose to 805 euro.

Production moves

Another important phenomenon that emerges from the Eurostat figures is that the production of e-bikes destined for EU imports has been moved to, initially, Taiwan.E-bike export from the island to the European Union’s member states doubled in the first half of this year. To be precise it grew by 100.03 percent. In absolute numbers Taiwan exported close to 200,000 e-bikes to Europe.

Also, the import from Vietnam rose in the first half of the year; by 12.7 percent to 114,000 units. But more is to come from Vietnam; not only because of the Vietnam – EU free trade agreement, but also because of lucrative local content rules that the European Union implies for e-bikes made in Vietnam that are exported to the EU. For more on that see Bike Europe’s (free of charge) “Whitepaper on all e-bike dumping implications.” It offers guidelines on the consequences of shifting the e-bike production destined for Europe from China to other Asian countries or to one of the European Union member states.

Production in Europe

And regarding the latter; the production of e-bikes in Europe has been growing by such an extent that it can hardly cope with demand. That’s evidenced by the current supply shortages. As the total e-bike import, according to the Eurostat figures dropped 46.5 percent and close to 390,000 units, a big part of that number has switched to production in Europe. And as the e-bike market in Europe continues to skyrocket, more, much more is to come.

EU-28 E-Bike Imports First Half 2019 / 2018*

2019 Jan-Jun 2018 Jan-Jun 2019 vs. 2018
Units 449,114 838,823 -46,45%
Value € 361,571,837 €413,769,745 – 12,61%
Average price € 805.07 € 493.27 + 63,21%

* in units and value

Top-10 Supplying Countries**

Country 2019 Jan-Jun 2018 Jan-Jun (rank in 2018) 2019 vs. 2018
1. Taiwan 196,602 98,283 (3) + 100,03%
2. Vietnam 114,196 101,279 (2) + 12,75%
3. China 54,643 611,952 (1) – 91,07%
4. Not specified* 29,401 / N.A.
5. Switzerland 24,928 20,554 (4) + 21,28%
6. Malaysia 7,080 16 (14) Not relevant
7. Thailand 5,369 3,508 (5) + 53,05%
8. Turkey 5,349 823 (7) + 549,93%
9. Cambodia 2,910 27 (12) Not relevant
10. Indonesia 2,173 477 (8) + 355,55%

Source: Eurostat
** in units

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